“OMG! My bruises do not go away for days. What should I do now?”
Sounds familiar, right? Your kids, your friends, your relatives, and even you used to be in that situation. But, do you have any idea of bruises? What are they? How to make them go away?
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Lots of people think that bruises come from an injury. For instance, they banged their shin on the table or fall off their bike and got a bruise. Although they’re not wrong, let’s bring out the meaning of bruise. A bruise is known as a common skin discoloration that comes from the tiny blood vessels’ breakage under the skin after a traumatic injury. Normally, a bruise will go away on its own within 1 or 2 weeks. However, if it doesn’t, there might be something more serious wrong.
Bruises do not go away – Why?
Below are some common reasons why you get a hard-to-go-away bruise. Check to know now!
Lack of nutrients
Your body always needs a variety of vitamins and minerals to perform properly. If you’re short of nutrients, it won’t be able to heal and you might catch some troubles of blood clotting. One of the most important vitamins for blood clotting is vitamin K. So, in case you are deficient in it, bruises easily develop and might stay for longer.
Aside from vitamin K, zinc is also important. It has a responsibility to improving wound healing and nurturing the skin. So, zinc deficiency develops excessive bruise and anemia. What’s more, lacking of bioflavonoids and vitamin C makes the skin and blood vessels unhealthy.
When you get older, your body will change and become less able to heal. That means you will bruise with ease and healing the bruise might take longer. It’s because your blood vessels’ walls are gradually weaker and weaker.
Some medications or supplements, especially omega 3 fatty acids, are known to develop chances of bruising or bleeding. In addition, blood thinners such as heparin, aspirin, and warfarin decrease your blood vessels and make bruises still appear. Plus, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can lead to bruising and bleeding problems.
Disorders of collagen
A faulty collagen gene in your body might make the blood vessels break with ease. If you catch Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, a certain type of collagen disorder, the bruise can occur more frequently in you than the others.
The hematoma is a semisolid mass of blood in the tissue that makes your blood vessel to break and bleed. It often happens with a bang on the head or anywhere. If blood clotting closes up the break, people with blood thinning medications or bleeding troubles can catch continuous bleeding. And this creates a bruise over a lump in the skin area.
As a bone develops into your soft tissues, it causes a heterotopic ossification. And if this bone makes friction against the tissues, it can break a blood vessel and lead to prolonged bleeding and bruise.
Thrombophilia is one of the main causes of low levels of blood platelets in your body. And this makes your blood hard to clot. Hence, your bruises take longer to heal and disappear.
Using the treatment of chemotherapy might decrease the blood platelets. In case you’re being treated with this method, you will recognize that your bruises do not go away soon.
Hemophilia is the blood-clotting disorder that links to a recessive gene and often happens in men and boys. If you catch this disorder, you might develop internal and uncontrollable bleeding and bruise.
Von Willebrand disease
Similar to hemophilia, this condition is the blood-clotting disorder. However, it occurs because of a low level of a kind of protein.
So, how to make bruises go away?
First of all, you need to try a cold compress instantly. Prepare a plastic bag and then fill it with ice. Before placing it on your injured area, please cover the bag with a towel because you can cause frostbite on your skin if applying the ice directly. The cold will decrease the blood flow to the area, restrict bleeding into the skin and lower the bruise’s size. In addition, the cold reduces the inflammation in the injured area and restrict swelling.
The next thing that you should remember is not to use the medications above because they can contribute to bruising. But, in case you want to know thoroughly, we suggest that you should ask your pharmacist or doctor. And never use any prescription medications or medicines that decrease clotting or catching any clotting abnormalitieswithout first contacting the doctor.
Aside from avoiding taking some particular medicines, you should eat more vitamin K and C. You can easily find vitamin K in greens, broccoli, prunes, and asparagus. To vitamin C, just consume about 1,000 mg a day.
Additionally, you should try some home remedies such as sugar paste. Mix sugar with water to create a paste and then apply it on your bruise before wrapping it in a bandage. The sugar paste helps to prevent the bruise from developing bigger. Or try melting chocolate with a large content of cocoa and then spread over the bruise. It’s supposed to tighten the blood vessels and get rid of the bruises.
Now, do you still wonder why bruises do not go away for a long time? Check whether you’re catching any symptom and carry out some methods to discard the bruises. Or in case you want to update more information related to health, please check here to know now.
If your bruises do not go away for weeks, please check main reasons in this article and then find out some necessary ways to get rid of annoying bruises.