Techniques helps you deal with an emergency. You can quickly discover a person’s physical condition and find a correct course of treatment. Besides, you need to seek for a professional medical help as soon as possible. However, following some proper first aid procedures can be a difference between life and death for the injured people. It’s a nice idea to take a look at 10 basic ways to do first aid at home so that you can identify any emergency and give the first support until the doctor come.
The prerequisite condition is to act fast. Instantly hold the burned area under cool running water or apply a wet or cold towel until the pain lowers. Then cover small blisters with a loose tape, bandage, or gauze and never pop the blisters. In case the skin breaks, you need to apply an antibiotic cream and always watch for any sign of infection until professionals arrive.
However, if burns are on the hands, face, or genitals and it’s bigger than ¼ inch anywhere on the body, call the doctor right away. Or if the burn looks deep and the skin might be brown or white, come to the emergency room immediately. Or if the burn covers a tenth of the body or more, call 911 and cover the victim with a clean blanket or sheet to stop hypothermia. Avoid using cold compresses instead.
First of all, keep your child quiet . Then let him sit upright, but don’t lean back because the blood might flow down his throat and make him choke. At the same time, remember to loosen any tight clothing around his neck. After that, take a clean tissue or cloth to press on the bleeding nostril and keep the pressure on his nose for 10-15 minutes.
In case the nosebleed is the result of a wound, don’t forget to hold an ice pack against the nose’s bridge after the bleeding slows down in order to diminish swelling. If it still persists after 15 minutes, you should call a doctor or visit the emergency room to check carefully.
The first thing to treat a broken bone is to immobilize the broken area. Avoid moving or supporting any other body parts. Next, cover an ice pack with a towel and numb the pain. After that, make a splint via using a sturdy tape and a bundle of newspapers. In case the person gets a broken finger, you can avail another finger as a stabilizing splint.
If necessary, you can make a sling. Tie a pillowcase or shirt around a broken arm and then around the person’s shoulder.
If your kid has intense pain, incessant tearing, blurry vision or light sensitive after being hit or poked in his eye, be quick to hold a wet, cool cloth over the area and bring him to the emergency room. After that, remember to check your kid’s pain and vision for weeks to see whether it might be a sign of traumatic iritis or a deeper injury.
For any scratch on his eye’s surface, you should treat it with ointment or prescription drops. If the chemical unluckily splashes in the eye, you need to hold his lid open, wash with lukewarm water, and call 911.
5.Cut or scrape
When seeing somewhere bleeding on the body, be calm at first. Then press firmly over the spot with a clean cloth until it stops, about 15 minutes. Next, flush under lukewarm running water. Finally, gently pat dry. Don’t forget to change a new bandage daily until the cut heals. If the wound is too large or deep, you should do twice a day. In case the wound occurs pus or becomes red or swollen, call the doctor instantly.
If the injury is dirty or was caused by an animal scratch, make sure you rinse it with the water first and then lather with soap gently. In case the skin is broken, you need to apply a thin layer of the antibiotic ointment and cover with a gauze or bandage and adhesive tape. However, if the wound still bleeds after your attempts, head to the emergency room now.
The first important thing is not to touch the injured person because you don’t know whether he is still in contact with the electrical or not. Call 911 at once and then tack some necessary actions while waiting for medical help.
Find the electrical source and turn it off or move the source away from the person and you via availing a dry, nonconducting item made of plastic, cardboard, or wood. Start doing CPR if the injured person has no signs of circulation such as breathing, movement, or coughing. Keep the person warm. Apply a sterile gauze bandage or a clean cloth on any burned sites. Avoid using a towel or blanket since loose fibers are able to stick to the burns.
7.Glass or splinter
If your kid unluckily steps on a small piece of glass, be quick to remove it and wrap a clean cloth around the area. Then bring him to the emergency room. You can ask for an X-ray to find other shards that can be on his feet.
For dealing with the splinter, use soap and water to wash around first. Soak a pair of tweezers in rubbing alcohol and gently pull the splinter out. Then wash the skin again. In case the splinter is too hard to eliminate, try leaving it for a day or more to see whether it get outs on its own. If not, you should visit the doctor right away.
8.Sprain or bad bruises
Both of injuries tend to swell. To treat them well, rest these areas at first. Then apply a pack of ice on there for 10 minutes. Avoid using the ice directly on the skin because it might freeze it. After that, take an elastic bandage and wrap to compress the area, but not too tight to block circulation. If necessary, you can splint the injury and avoid touching it or it might get injured further.
9.Insect stings or bites
If your child expresses some signs of a painful allergic reaction, call 911 or bring him to the emergency room instantly. If not, you also follow steps below to treat the insect bites or stings.
If the stinger is still embedded in his skin, gently eliminate it via scraping a flat-edged item such as a credit card across the skin. Don’t use tweezers because squeezing might deliver more venom. Rinse the site of the bite with clean water and soap. Put a pack of ice on this spot for 10 minutes to lessen swelling and pain. Don’t lay ice directly on the skin, remember? Finally, try doing a blend of baking soda and water or use the calamine lotion to apply on this area for couple times a day to soothe pain and itching.
A normal choking scenario that you might see is someone suddenly goes silent with a terrified look on his face while eating. This sign is extremely dangerous because it might cause death or unchanging brain damage in a short time. Therefore, you need to access the situation instantly and perform abdominal thrusts on the choked person.
Instantly stand behind that person and wrap arms around his waist. Tip him forwards slightly. Then make a fist and put it lightly above the person’s navel. Use the other hand to make another fist and push hard into his abdomen with a quick and upward thrust, as though you’re trying to lift him up. Do 5 times and check whether the blockage is dislodged or not. If yes, repeat again .
So, if catching one of these situations suddenly, will you know what you should do? Try to memorize all to make sure you can avail the basic first aid techniques accurately before the professionals arrive.